UCAGenomiX related publications

Du to our strong expertise in "omics" experiments and in microRNAs topics we decided to separate into 3 categories the related publications into which the Functional genomics Platform of Nice-Sophia-Antipolis is involved :
  1. Expression studies (DNA microarrays and high-throughput sequencing experiments)
  2. MicroRNA studies
  3. Miscellaneous

Ponzio Gilles

 ponzio@ipmc.cnrs.fr
 04 93 95 77 90
 660 route des lucioles 06560 Valbonne - Sophia-Antipolis

13 publications found

1. CDC20B is required for deuterosome-mediated centriole production in multiciliated cells
Nat Commun. 2018 Nov 7;9(1):4668. doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-06768-z.
Revinski DR, Zaragosi LE, Boutin C, Ruiz-Garcia S, Deprez M, Thomé V, Rosnet O, Gay AS, Mercey O, Paquet A, Pons N, Ponzio G, Marcet B, Kodjabachian L, Barbry P
Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, IBDM, Marseille, France. Université Côte d'Azur, CNRS, IPMC, Sophia-Antipolis, France. Université Côte d'Azur, CNRS, IPMC, Sophia-Antipolis, France. marcet@ipmc.cnrs.fr. Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, IBDM, Marseille, France. laurent.kodjabachian@univ-amu.fr. Université Côte d'Azur, CNRS, IPMC, Sophia-Antipolis, France. barbry@ipmc.cnrs.fr.

Multiciliated cells (MCCs) harbor dozens to hundreds of motile cilia, which generate hydrodynamic forces important in animal physiology. In vertebrates, MCC differentiation involves massive centriole production by poorly characterized structures called deuterosomes. Here, single-cell RNA sequencing reveals that human deuterosome stage MCCs are characterized by the expression of many cell cycle-related genes. We further investigated the uncharacterized vertebrate-specific cell division cycle 20B (CDC20B) gene, which hosts microRNA-449abc. We show that CDC20B protein associates to deuterosomes and is required for centriole release and subsequent cilia production in mouse and Xenopus MCCs. CDC20B interacts with PLK1, a kinase known to coordinate centriole disengagement with the protease Separase in mitotic cells. Strikingly, over-expression of Separase rescues centriole disengagement and cilia production in CDC20B-deficient MCCs. This work reveals the shaping of deuterosome-mediated centriole production in vertebrate MCCs, by adaptation of canonical and recently evolved cell cycle-related molecules.
Pubmed link : 30405130

2. A new long noncoding RNA (LncRNA) is induced in cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma and downregulates several anticancer and cell-differentiation genes in mouse.
J Biol Chem. 2017 Jun 8. pii: jbc.M117.776260. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M117.776260. [Epub ahead of print]
Ponzio G, Rezzonico R, Bourget I, Allan R, Nottet N, Popa A, Magnone V, Rios G, Mari B, Barbry P
Université Côte d’Azur, CNRS, IPMC, France. Université Côte d'Azur, CNRS, INSERM, IRCAN, France.

Keratinocyte-derived cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is the most common metastatic skin cancer. Although some of the early events involved in this pathology have been identified, the subsequent steps leading to tumor development are poorly defined. We demonstrate here that the development of mouse tumors induced by the concomitant application of a carcinogen and a tumor promoter (7,12 dimethylbenz[a]anthracene [DMBA] and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate [TPA], respectively) is associated with the upregulation of a previously uncharacterized long noncoding RNA (lncRNA), termed AK144841. We found that AK144841 expression was absent from normal skin and was specifically stimulated in tumors and highly tumorigenic cells. We also found that AK144841 exists in two variants, one consisting of a large 2-kb transcript composed of four exons and one of a 1.8-kb transcript lacking the second exon. Gain- and loss-of-function studies indicated that AK144841 mainly inhibited gene expression, specifically downregulating the expression of genes of the late-cornified-envelope-1 (Lce1) family involved in epidermal terminal differentiation and of anticancer genes such as Cgref1, Brsk1, Basp1, Dusp5, Btg2, Anpep, Dhrs9, Stfa2, Tpm1, SerpinB2, Cpa4, Crct1, Cryab, Il24, Csf2, and Rgs16. Interestingly, the lack of the second exon significantly decreased AK144841's inhibitory effect on gene expression. We also noted that high AK144841 expression correlated with a low expression of the aforementioned genes and with the tumorigenic potential of cell lines. These findings suggest that AK144841 could contribute to the dedifferentiation program of tumor-forming keratinocytes and to molecular cascades leading to tumor development.
Pubmed link : 28596382

3. Characterizing isomiR variants within the microRNA-34/449 family
FEBS Lett. 2017 Mar;591(5):693-705. doi: 10.1002/1873-3468.12595. Epub 2017 Feb 28
Mercey O, Popa A, Cavard A, Paquet A, Chevalier B, Pons N, Magnone V, Zangari J, Brest P, Zaragosi LE, Ponzio G, Lebrigand K, Barbry P, Marcet B
CNRS, IPMC, Université Côte d'Azur, Sophia-Antipolis, Valbonne, France. CNRS, INSERM, IRCAN, FHU-OncoAge, Université Côte d'Azur, Sophia-Antipolis, Valbonne, France.

miR-34/449 microRNAs are conserved regulators of multiciliated cell differentiation. Here, we evidence and characterize expression of two isomiR variant sequences from the miR-34/449 family in human airway epithelial cells. These isomiRs differ from their canonical counterparts miR-34b and miR-449c by one supplemental uridine at their 5'-end, leading to a one-base shift in their seed region. Overexpression of canonical miR-34/449 or 5'-isomiR-34/449 induces distinct gene expression profiles and biological effects. However, some target transcripts and functional activities are shared by both canonical microRNAs and isomiRs. Indeed, both repress important targets that result in cell cycle blockage and Notch pathway inhibition. Our findings suggest that 5'-isomiR-34/449 may represent additional mechanisms by which miR-34/449 family finely controls several pathways to drive multiciliogenesis.
Pubmed link : 28192603

4. MicroRNA target identification: lessons from hypoxamiRs.
Antioxid Redox Signal. 2014 Sep 10;21(8):1249-68. doi: 10.1089/ars.2013.5648. Epub 2014 Feb 3.
Bertero T, Robbe-Sermesant K, Le Brigand K, Ponzio G, Pottier N, Rezzonico R, Mazure NM, Barbry P, Mari B
Institut de Pharmacologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IPMC) , Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CNRS UMR 7275, Sophia Antipolis, France .

SIGNIFICANCE: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that have emerged as key regulators of many physiological and pathological processes, including those relevant to hypoxia such as cancer, neurological dysfunctions, myocardial infarction, and lung diseases. RECENT ADVANCES: During the last 5 years, miRNAs have been shown to play a role in the regulation of the cellular response to hypoxia. The identification of several bona fide targets of these hypoxamiRs has underlined their pleiotropic functions and the complexity of the molecular rules directing miRNA::target transcript pairing. CRITICAL ISSUES: This review outlines the main in silico and experimental approaches used to identify the targetome of hypoxamiRs and presents new recent relevant methodologies for future studies. FUTURE DIRECTIONS: Since hypoxia plays key roles in many pathophysiological conditions, the precise characterization of regulatory hypoxamiRs networks will be instrumental both at a fundamental level and for their future potential therapeutic applications.
Pubmed link : 24111877

5. miR-193b/365a cluster controls progression of epidermal squamous cell carcinoma.
Carcinogenesis. 2014 May;35(5):1110-20. doi: 10.1093/carcin/bgt490. Epub 2013 Dec 28.
Gastaldi C, Bertero T, Xu N, Bourget-Ponzio I, Lebrigand K, Fourre S, Popa A, Cardot-Leccia N, Meneguzzi G, Sonkoly E, Pivarcsi A, Mari B, Barbry P, Ponzio G, Rezzonico R
UMR 7275, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Institut de Pharmacologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, 660 route des Lucioles, F-06560 Valbonne, France.

Incidence of cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (cSCCs) constantly increases in the Caucasian population. Developing preferentially on precancerous lesions such as actinic keratoses due to chronic sunlight exposure, cSCCs result from the malignant transformation of keratinocytes. Although a resection of the primary tumor is usually curative, a subset of aggressive cSCCs shows a high risk of recurrence and metastases. The characterization of the molecular dysfunctions involved in cSCC development should help to identify new relevant targets against these aggressive cSCCs. In that context, we have used small RNA sequencing to identify 100 microRNAs (miRNAs) whose expression was altered during chemically induced mouse skin tumorigenesis. The decreased expression of the miR-193b/365a cluster during tumor progression suggests a tumor suppressor role. Ectopic expression of these miRNAs in tumor cells indeed inhibited their proliferation, clonogenic potential and migration, which were stimulated in normal keratinocytes when these miRNAs were blocked with antisense oligonucleotides. A combination of in silico predictions and transcriptome analyses identified several target genes of interest. We validated KRAS and MAX as direct targets of miR-193b and miR-365a. Repression of these targets using siRNAs mimicked the effects of miR-193b and miR-365a, suggesting that these genes might mediate, at least in part, the tumor-suppressive action of these miRNAs.
Pubmed link : 24374827

6. CDC25A targeting by miR-483-3p decreases CCND-CDK4/6 assembly and contributes to cell cycle arrest.
Cell Death Differ. 2013 Jun;20(6):800-11. doi: 10.1038/cdd.2013.5. Epub 2013 Feb 22.
Bertero T, Gastaldi C, Bourget-Ponzio I, Mari B, Meneguzzi G, Barbry P, Ponzio G, Rezzonico R
1] CNRS UMR 7275, IPMC, Physiological Genomics of the Eukaryotes, Valbonne, France [2] Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, Nice, France.

Abstract Disruption of contact inhibition and serum afflux that occur after a tissue injury activate cell cycle, which then stops when confluence is reached again. Although the events involved in cell cycle entry have been widely documented, those managing cell cycle exit have remained so far ill defined. We have identified that the final stage of wound closure is preceded in keratinocytes by a strong accumulation of miR-483-3p, which acts as a mandatory signal triggering cell cycle arrest when confluence is reached. Blocking miR-483-3p accumulation strongly delays cell cycle exit, maintains cells into a proliferative state and retards their differentiation program. Using two models of cell cycle synchronization (i.e. mechanical injury and serum addition), we show that an ectopic upregulation of miR-483-3p blocks cell cycle progression in early G1 phase. This arrest results from a direct targeting of the CDC25A phosphatase by miR-483-3p, which can be impeded using an anti-miRNA against miR-483-3p or a protector that blocks the complex formation between miR-483-3p and the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of CDC25A transcript. We show that the miRNA-induced silencing of CDC25A increases the tyrosine phosphorylation status of CDK4/6 cyclin-dependent kinases which, in turn, abolishes CDK4/6 capacity to associate with D-type cyclins. This prevents CDK4/6 kinases' activation, impairs downstream events such as cyclin E stimulation and sequesters cells in early G1. We propose this new regulatory process of cyclin-CDK association as a general mechanism coupling miRNA-mediated CDC25A invalidation to CDK post-transcriptional modifications and cell cycle control.
Pubmed link : 23429262

7. "Seed-Milarity" confers to hsa-miR-210 and hsa-miR-147b similar functional activity.
PLoS One. 2012;7(9):e44919. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0044919. Epub 2012 Sep 13.
Bertero T, Grosso S, Robbe-Sermesant K, Lebrigand K, Henaoui IS, Puissegur MP, Fourre S, Zaragosi LE, Mazure NM, Ponzio G, Cardinaud B, Barbry P, Rezzonico R, Mari B
Institut de Pharmacologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire-IPMC, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CNRS UMR 7275, Sophia Antipolis, France.

Specificity of interaction between a microRNA (miRNA) and its targets crucially depends on the seed region located in its 5'-end. It is often implicitly considered that two miRNAs sharing the same biological activity should display similarity beyond the strict six nucleotide region that forms the seed, in order to form specific complexes with the same mRNA targets. We have found that expression of hsa-miR-147b and hsa-miR-210, though triggered by different stimuli (i.e. lipopolysaccharides and hypoxia, respectively), induce very similar cellular effects in term of proliferation, migration and apoptosis. Hsa-miR-147b only shares a "minimal" 6-nucleotides seed sequence with hsa-miR-210, but is identical with hsa-miR-147a over 20 nucleotides, except for one base located in the seed region. Phenotypic changes induced after heterologous expression of miR-147a strikingly differ from those induced by miR-147b or miR-210. In particular, miR-147a behaves as a potent inhibitor of cell proliferation and migration. These data fit well with the gene expression profiles observed for miR-147b and miR-210, which are very similar, and the gene expression profile of miR-147a, which is distinct from the two others. Bioinformatics analysis of all human miRNA sequences indicates multiple cases of miRNAs from distinct families exhibiting the same kind of similarity that would need to be further characterized in terms of putative functional redundancy. Besides, it implies that functional impact of some miRNAs can be masked by robust expression of miRNAs belonging to distinct families.
Pubmed link : 23028679

8. miR-483-3p controls proliferation in wounded epithelial cells.
FASEB J. 2011 Sep;25(9):3092-105. Epub 2011 Jun 15.
Bertero T, Gastaldi C, Bourget-Ponzio I, Imbert V, Loubat A, Selva E, Busca R, Mari B, Hofman P, Barbry P, Meneguzzi G, Ponzio G, Rezzonico R
INSERM U634, IFR50, Faculté de Médecine, France.

The mechanisms that regulate keratinocyte migration and proliferation in wound healing remain largely unraveled, notably regarding possible involvements of microRNAs (miRNAs). Here we disclose up-regulation of miR-483-3p in 2 distinct models of wound healing: scratch-injured cultures of human keratinocytes and wounded skin in mice. miR-483-3p accumulation peaks at the final stage of the wound closure process, consistent with a role in the arrest of "healing" progression. Using an in vitro wound-healing model, videomicroscopy, and 5-bromo-2'-uridine incorporation, we observed that overexpression of miR-483-3p inhibits keratinocyte migration and proliferation, whereas delivery of anti-miR-483-3p oligonucleotides sustains keratinocyte proliferation beyond the closure of the wound, compared with irrelevant anti-miR treatment. Expression profiling of keratinocytes transfected with miR-483-3p identified 39 transcripts that were both predicted targets of miR-483-3p and down-regulated after miR-483-3p overexpression. Luciferase reporter assays, Western blot analyses, and silencing by specific siRNAs finally established that kinase MK2, cell proliferation marker MKI67, and transcription factor YAP1 are direct targets of miR-483-3p that control keratinocyte proliferation. miR-483-3p-mediated down-regulation of MK2, MKI67, and YAP1 thus represents a novel mechanism controlling keratinocyte growth arrest at the final steps of reepithelialization.
Pubmed link : 21676945

9. Transcriptional signature of epidermal keratinocytes subjected to in vitro scratch wounding, reveals selective roles for ERK1/2, P38 and PI3K signalling pathways.
J Biol Chem. 2007 May 18;282(20):15090-102.
Fitsialos G, Chassot AA, Turchi L, Dayem MA, Lebrigand K, Moreilhon C, Meneguzzi G, Busca R, Mari B, Barbry P, Ponzio G
Faculte de Medecine, INSERM U634, Nice 06107.

Covering denuded dermal surfaces after injury requires migration, proliferation and differentiation of skin keratinocytes. To clarify the major traits controlling these intermingled biological events, we surveyed the genomic modifications occurring during the course of a scratch wound closure of cultured human keratinocytes. Using a DNA microarray approach, we report the identification of 161 new markers of epidermal repair. Expression data, combined with functional analysis performed with specific inhibitors of ERK, p38[MAPK] and PI3 kinases, demonstrate that kinase pathways exert very selective functions by precisely controlling the expression of specific genes. Inhibition of the ERK pathway totally blocks the wound closure and inactivates many early transcription factors and EGF-type growth factors. P38[MAPK] inhibition only delays "healing", probably in line with the control of genes involved in the propagation of injury-initiated signalling. In contrast, PI3 kinase inhibition accelerates the scratch closure and potentiates the scratch-dependent stimulation of three genes related to epithelial cell transformation, namely HAS3, HBEGF and Ets1. Our results define in vitro human keratinocyte wound closure as a repair process resulting from a fine balance between positive signals controlled by ERK and p38[MAPK], and negative ones triggered by PI3 kinase. The perturbation of any of these pathways might lead to dysfunction in the healing process, similar to those observed in pathological wounding phenotypes, such as hypertrophic scars or keloids.
Pubmed link : 17363378

10. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1{alpha} is a new target of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) in melanoma cells.
J Cell Biol. 2005 Jul 4;170(1):49-59. Epub 2005 Jun 27.
Busca R, Berra E, Gaggioli C, Khaled M, Bille K, Marchetti B, Thyss R, Fitsialos G, Larribere L, Bertolotto C, Virolle T, Barbry P, Pouyssegur J, Ponzio G, Ballotti R
INSERM U597, Biologie et physiopathologie des cellules melanocytaires, Faculty of Medicine, 06107 Nice cedex 2, France.

In melanocytes and melanoma cells alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH), via the cAMP pathway, elicits a large array of biological responses that control melanocyte differentiation and influence melanoma development or susceptibility. In this work, we show that cAMP transcriptionally activates Hif1a gene in a melanocyte cell-specific manner and increases the expression of a functional hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha (HIF1alpha) protein resulting in a stimulation of Vegf expression. Interestingly, we report that the melanocyte-specific transcription factor, microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF), binds to the Hif1a promoter and strongly stimulates its transcriptional activity. Further, MITF "silencing" abrogates the cAMP effect on Hif1a expression, and overexpression of MITF in human melanoma cells is sufficient to stimulate HIF1A mRNA. Our data demonstrate that Hif1a is a new MITF target gene and that MITF mediates the cAMP stimulation of Hif1a in melanocytes and melanoma cells. Importantly, we provide results demonstrating that HIF1 plays a pro-survival role in this cell system. We therefore conclude that the alpha-MSH/cAMP pathway, using MITF as a signal transducer and HIF1alpha as a target, might contribute to melanoma progression.
Pubmed link : 15983061

11. Escherichia coli cytotoxic necrotizing factor 1 inhibits intestinal epithelial wound healing in vitro after mechanical injury.
Infect Immun. 2004 Oct;72(10):5733-40.
Brest P, Turchi L, Le'Negrate G, Berto F, Moreilhon C, Mari B, Ponzio G, Hofman P
Equipe INSERM 0215, Faculte de Medecine, Nice, France.

Cytotoxic necrotizing factor type 1 (CNF1) from Escherichia coli activates the small GTP-binding proteins of the Rho family (Rho, Rac, and Cdc42) by catalyzing their deamidation at a specific glutamine residue. Since RhoA, Rac, and Cdc42 play a pivotal role in cell migration during the early phase of wound repair, we investigated whether CNF1 was able to interfere with wound healing in intestinal epithelial monolayers (T84 cells). After mechanical injury, we found that CNF1 blocks epithelial wound repair within 48 h. This effect was characterized by cell elongation and filopodium formation on the leading edge, in association with permanent phosphorylation of the focal adhesion kinase (FAK) via Rho activation. Moreover, inhibition of Rho kinase with Y-27632 decreased CNF1-mediated permanent FAK phosphorylation, leading to complete restitution of wound repair within 24 h. In addition, we found that CNF1 induced upregulation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) activation. Moreover, activation of Rac and MAPK by CNF1 increased matrix metalloproteinase 9 expression in wounded T84 monolayers. Taken together, these results provide evidence that CNF1 strongly impairs intestinal epithelial wound healing.
Pubmed link : 15385472

12. Gene expression profiling of normal human pulmonary fibroblasts following coculture with non-small-cell lung cancer cells reveals alterations related to matrix degradation, angiogenesis, cell growth and survival.
Oncogene. 2003 Nov 20;22(52):8487-97.
Fromigue O, Louis K, Dayem M, Milanini J, Pages G, Tartare-Deckert S, Ponzio G, Hofman P, Barbry P, Auberger P, Mari B
INSERM U526, IFR50, Faculte de Medecine Pasteur, Nice, France.

Increasing evidence supports a major role for the microenvironment in carcinoma formation and progression. The influence of the stroma is partly mediated by signalling between epithelial tumor cells and neighboring fibroblasts. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these interactions are largely unknown. To mimic the initial steps of invasive carcinoma in which tumor cells come in contact with normal stromal cells, we used a coculture model of non-small-cell lung cancer tumor cells and normal pulmonary fibroblasts. Using DNA filter arrays, we first analysed the overall modification of gene expression profile after a 24 h period of coculture. Next, we focused our interest on the transcriptome of the purified fibroblastic fraction of coculture using both DNA filter arrays and a laboratory-made DNA microarray. These experiments allowed the identification of a set of modulated genes coding for growth and survival factors, angiogenic factors, proteases and protease inhibitors, transmembrane receptors, kinases and transcription regulators that can potentially affect the regulation of matrix degradation, angiogenesis, invasion, cell growth and survival. This study represents to our knowledge the first attempt to dissect early global gene transcription occurring in a tumor-stroma coculture model and should help to understand better some of the molecular mechanisms involved in heterotypic signalling between epithelial tumor cells and fibroblasts.
Pubmed link : 14627989

13. Early gene expression in wounded human keratinocytes revealed by DNA microarray analysis.
Comp Funct Genomics. 2003;4(1):47-55.
Dayem MA, Moreilhon C, Turchi L, Magnone V, Christen R, Ponzio G, Barbry P
Laboratoire de Physiologie Genomique des Eucaryotes CNRS/UNSA UMR 6097 IPMC F-06560 Sophia Antipolis France.

WOUND HEALING INVOLVES SEVERAL STEPS: spreading of the cells, migration and proliferation. We have profiled gene expression during the early events of wound healing in normal human keratinocytes with a home-made DNA microarray containing about 1000 relevant human probes. An original wounding machine was used, that allows the wounding of up to 40% of the surface of a confluent monolayer of cultured cells grown on a Petri dish (compared with 5% with a classical 'scratch' method). The two aims of the present study were: (a) to validate a limited number of genes by comparing the expression levels obtained with this technique with those found in the literature; (b) to combine the use of the wounding machine with DNA microarray analysis for large-scale detection of the molecular events triggered during the early stages of the wound-healing process. The time-courses of RNA expression observed at 0.5, 1.5, 3, 6 and 15 h after wounding for genes such as c-Fos, c-Jun, Egr1, the plasminogen activator PLAU (uPA) and the signal transducer and transcription activator STAT3, were consistent with previously published data. This suggests that our methodologies are able to perform quantitative measurement of gene expression. Transcripts encoding two zinc finger proteins, ZFP36 and ZNF161, and the tumour necrosis factor alpha-induced protein TNFAIP3, were also overexpressed after wounding. The role of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) in wound healing was shown after the inhibition of p38 by SB203580, but our results also suggest the existence of surrogate activating pathways.
Pubmed link : 18629100